In the summer of 1966, Stokely Carmichael re-introduced the term "Black Power" into the American lexicon in a march in Mississippi that started with the famous picture of James Meredith being shot on what was his solo March Against Fear. As a result of the increased militancy of activists like Carmichael (later, of course, to be known as Kwame Toure) America became aware of this new, seemingly more virulent form of black activism. Carmichael was on Face The Nation and interviewed widely throughout the press etc. and the phrase "Black Power" became a mantra of those interested in a more "militant" approach than that offered by MLK, SCLC, etc.
As a result of the marches and activism coming from Mississippi, the Saturday Evening Post editorialized the following:
"We are all, let's face it, Mississippians. We all fervently wish that the Negro problem did not exist, or that, if it must exist, it could be ignored."
The question is - do these comments still capture the essence of how America thinks about African America 40 years later in 2006? If not - how is it different?