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A little play on words: Morning vs. Mourning...
A little note from the Black (where I first saw this study referenced) and look at what we have here:

In 1958, Martin Luther King wrote: "It is appalling that the most segregated hour of Christian America is eleven o'clock on Sunday morning." Today, nearly 50 years after Dr. King's incisive observation about America's churches, we are facing another form of Sunday Morning Apartheid: the Sunday morning talk shows.

According to a study conducted by the National Urban League Policy Institute, Sunday morning network and cable talk shows, a significant source of information, analysis and opinion on government, politics, and social issues, consistently fail to include African Americans in their lineups, either as interview guests or analysts. Among other findings, the study reveals:
    -- more than 60 percent of the programs broadcast during the 18-month period studied had no black guests;

    -- fewer than 8 percent of the guests on these programs have been black.

    -- more than 69 percent of the appearances by black guests on these programs have been by three people -- Condoleezza Rice, Colin Powell, and Juan Williams.
This exclusion of African American voices is not unique to Sunday morning talk shows; with few exceptions, the television news outlets regularly fail to adequately include African Americans, other minorities and women in the vast majority of their news programming...

Sunday morning talk shows frame the perception and coverage of issues that have a substantial impact on the American public. Yet these programs consistently lack any African American participation in the discussion of these issues -- from the war in Iraq to the economy to electoral politics to Social Security to judicial nominations -- leaving the impression that interest in and analysis of these topics are
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The depth and breadth of the Sunday morning genre's influence was illustrated in December 2002 when Trent Lott suggested during Strom Thurmond's 100th birthday celebration that the nation would have been better off if the segregationist had been elected president in 1948. Only two major news outlets, the Washington Post and ABC World News This Morning, reported these remarks and only in very brief references. However, the following Sunday, the Meet the Press roundtable discussion took up the incident. The next day, virtually every major newspaper and television network reported the story. Within a week, the story had escalated to the point that Lott was forced to resign his leadership position. By month's end, hundreds of stories had been run about this incident. (see note 4) While the extent of the influence of the Meet the Press roundtable on this story cannot be accurately measured, there can be no doubt that this discussion put this story "on the radar screen" and converted it from a passing brief to a major news story.

As this example attests, the Sunday morning talk shows, which are watched by approximately 10 million viewers each week, have a significant impact upon the development of political and policy issues, public impressions and understanding of the news and political and policy events in Washington and across the nation. According to a recent study, 66 percent of African Americans rely upon the mainstream media for information about politics and the U.S. government. Yet when they turn to the main staple of news and analysis of issues of importance to them - the Sunday morning talk shows -- politicians, journalists, opinion-makers, and viewers of all races are presented with a virtually all-white tableau:
    -- Ronald Reagan's death in June 2004 prompted the Sunday morning shows to devote their entire programs to discussions of the Reagan years. Of the nearly three dozen guests who appeared on talk shows that Sunday, only three were African American - Colin Powell, Condoleezza Rice, and Juan Williams. On two of the five shows, the legacy of Ronald Reagan, a president who had an enormous effect on the black community, was assessed by all-white lineups.

    -- During their intense coverage of judicial nominations and the Nuclear Option, the Sunday morning talk shows interviewed no African Americans about the issue.

    -- In July 2005, every Sunday morning talk show addressed the retirement of Sandra Day O'Connor and the nomination of John G. Roberts to succeed her. However, no black guests were interviewed regarding this issue and only one program -- Fox News Sunday -- included a black participant in its roundtable to discuss the Supreme Court retirement and nomination, despite the fact that this is a matter of great importance to the black community and a number of African Americans are actively involved in the issue.


The study revealed, among other things:

  • 61 percent of all of the Sunday morning talk shows featured no black guests;

  • 78 percent of the broadcasts contained no interviews with black guests;

  • 8 percent of the guest appearances on the Sunday morning talk shows are by black guests;

  • Of the more than 2100 guest appearances on Sunday morning talk shows during the period studied, only 176 have been by black guests. Three guests -- Condoleezza Rice, Colin Powell, and Juan Williams -- account for 122 of these 176 appearances;

  • The appearances by guests other than Rice, Powell and Williams account for less than 3 percent of all guest appearances on the Sunday morning talk shows;

  • More than 600 people have appeared as guests once or more on the Sunday morning talk shows during the period studied. Twenty-six of these guests have been black;

  • Only 2 percent of the broadcasts featured interviews with more than one black guest;

  • Three of the four programs presenting political roundtable discussions had no blacks in their roundtable discussion in more than 85 percent of the shows broadcast; (see note 7)

  • While Senators and House Members were featured more than 500 times during the period, black representatives appeared only nine times;

  • Of the more than 75 Senators and House Members who appeared as guests, only three -- Charles Rangel, Jesse Jackson, Jr., and Harold Ford, Jr. -- were black. None of the other 40 members of the Congressional Black Caucus appeared on any of these programs during the 18-month period studied;

  • Only three African American women -- Donna Brazile, Condoleezza Rice and Donna Brazile -- appeared on any Sunday morning talk show during the pertinent 18-month period.

    This Week with George Stephanopoulos (ABC)

  • 73 percent (56) of the broadcasts had no interviews with black guests.

  • 9 percent (17) of the 196 interviews broadcast were with black guests. Twelve of these 17 interviews were with Condoleezza Rice and Colin Powell. Two of the interviews were conducted with Barack Obama during his Senate race. The other three interviews were with Alan Keyes, Rev. Wilton Gregory and former Rep. Floyd Flake. No other blacks were interviewed during the period.

  • While thirty-five current Senators and Representatives were interviewed during this period, not one black Senator or Representative was interviewed.

  • 94 percent (63) of the 67 roundtables had no black participants

  • 4 percent (7) of the 199 roundtable participants have been black. Only four black persons participated in the 67 roundtables during the 18-month period studied. In addition to Donna Brazile and Kweisi Mfume, who appeared three and two times, respectively, Tavis Smiley and football player Darrell Green participated in a discussion on drugs in sports.

    Face the Nation (CBS)

  • 88 percent (67) of the broadcasts had no interviews with black guests

  • 5 percent (8) of the 164 interviews broadcast were with black guests

  • 60 percent (3) of the 5 roundtables had no black participants.

  • 20 percent (2) of the 10 roundtable participants have been black.

  • One black guest has participated in Face the Nation Roundtables in the past year: Colbert King, who appeared twice during the last two months of the period studied.

    Late Edition (CNN)

  • 62 percent (48) of the 78 broadcasts had no black guests.

  • 5 percent (34) of the 662 interviews broadcast were with black guests. Thirteen of these interviews were with Condoleezza Rice and Colin Powell. Two of these interviews were with Shaquille O'Neal and Grant Hill, who discussed that evening's NBA All-Star game.

    Fox News Sunday (FOX)

  • 78 percent (61) of the broadcasts had no interviews with black guests

  • 7 percent (16) of the 219 interviews broadcast were with black guests. Twelve of these interviews were with Condoleezza Rice and Colin Powell. The other four interviews were with Rev. Wilton Gregory, J. Kenneth Blackwell, Donna Brazile and Eric Holder.

  • 9 percent (7) of the 76 roundtables had no black participants

  • 22 percent (71) of the 322 roundtable participants have been black. This program is unique in the fact that it regularly features a black roundtable participant, Juan Williams, who appeared in 71 of the 76 roundtables. However, Williams is the only black roundtable participant the program featured in the period studied.

    Meet the Press (NBC)

  • 86 percent (66) of the broadcasts had no interviews with black guests

  • 7 percent (12) of the 184 interviews broadcast were with black guests. Seven of these 12 interviews were with Condoleezza Rice and Colin Powell. The other five interviews were with Barack Obama and Rep. Charles Rangel, both of whom appeared twice, and Kofi Annan. Of the forty six Representatives and Senators who have appeared on Meet the Press, Rep. Rangel is the only black Member of Congress to appear.

  • 85 percent (33) of the 39 Roundtables had no black participants.

  • 8 percent (9) of the 120 roundtable participants have been black. These participants were Gwen Ifill, who appeared 6 times, Eugene Robinson, who appeared twice and Rev. Al Sharpton, who appeared once.
  • quote:
    Originally posted by Nmaginate:
    A little play on words: Morning vs. Mourning...
    A little note from the Black (where I first saw this study referenced) and look at what we have here:


    Part of the reason for this is the consolidation of the Television, Radio, and Print News media into the hands of a very few, white-male controled corporations, many of whom have defense contracts with the government.

    New Corporation owns FOX, and FOX Network News. Robert Murdoch is a Bush fanatic.

    You many recall that in the 2000 Presidential Election, Bush's First Cousin, John Ellis, a freelance political advisor contracted by Fox News to head their election night "decision desk" first called Florida and the Presidential Election for George Bush.

    By calling the election for his cousin when he did, Ellis proved instrumental in turning Bush's loss in the popular vote into an apparently righteous struggle to gain the presidency.

    The following is a summery of who owns what. The FCC, supposedly a "watchdog" to see that this doesn't happen, has allowed it to happen.

    From the Peace & Justice Center:

    Ever Wonder Who Owns What?



    * NBC: includes 13 stations, 28% of US households.
    * NBC Network News: The Today Show, Nightly News with Tom Brokaw, Meet the Press, Dateline NBC, NBC News at Sunrise.
    * CNBC business television; MSNBC 24-hour cable and Internet news service (co-owned by NBC and Microsoft); Court TV (co-owned with Time Warner), Bravo (50%), A&E (25%), History Channel (25%).


    * GE Consumer Electronics.
    * GE Power Systems: produces turbines for nuclear reactors and power plants.
    * GE Plastics: produces military hardware and nuclear power equipment.
    * GE Transportation Systems: runs diesel and electric trains.



    * CBS: includes 14 stations and over 200 affiliates in the US.
    * CBS Network News: 60 minutes, 48 hours, CBS Evening News with Dan Rather, CBS Morning News, Up to the Minute.
    * Country Music Television, The Nashville Network, 2 regional sports networks.
    * Group W Satellite Communications.


    * Westinghouse Electric Company: provides services to the nuclear power industry.
    * Westinghouse Government Environmental Services Company: disposes of nuclear and hazardous wastes. Also operates 4 government-owned nuclear power plants in the US.
    * Energy Systems: provides nuclear power plant design and maintenance.



    * Paramount Television, Spelling Television, MTV, VH-1, Showtime, The Movie Channel, UPN (joint owner), Nickelodeon, Comedy Central, Sundance Channel (joint owner), Flix.
    * 20 major market US stations.


    * Paramount Pictures, Paramount Home Video, Blockbuster Video, Famous Players Theatres, Paramount Parks.
    * Simon & Schuster Publishing.



    * ABC: includes 10 stations, 24% of US households.
    * ABC Network News: Prime Time Live, Nightline, 20/20, Good Morning America.
    * ESPN, Lifetime Television (50%), as well as minority holdings in A&E, History Channel and E!
    * Disney Channel/Disney Television, Touchtone Television.


    * Miramax, Touchtone Pictures.
    * Magazines: Jane, Los Angeles Magazine, W, Discover.
    * 3 music labels, 11 major local newspapers.
    * Hyperion book publishers.
    * Infoseek Internet search engine (43%).


    * Sid R. Bass (major shares) crude oil and gas.
    * All Disney Theme Parks, Walt Disney Cruise Lines.



    * CNN, HBO, Cinemax, TBS Superstation, Turner Network Television, Turner Classic Movies, Warner Brothers Television, Cartoon Network, Sega Channel, TNT, Comedy Central (50%), E! (49%), Court TV (50%).
    * Largest owner of cable systems in the US with an estimated 13 million subscribers.


    * HBO Independent Productions, Warner Home Video, New Line Cinema, Castle Rock, Looney Tunes, Hanna-Barbera.
    * Music: Atlantic, Elektra, Rhino, Sire, Warner Bros. Records, EMI, WEA, Sub Pop (distribution) = the world's largest music company.
    * 33 magazines including Time, Sports Illustrated, People, In Style, Fortune, Book of the Month Club, Entertainment Weekly, Life, DC Comics (50%), and MAD Magazine.


    * Sports: The Atlanta Braves, The Atlanta Hawks, World Championship Wrestling.



    * Fox Television: includes 22 stations, 50% of US households.
    * Fox International: extensive worldwide cable and satellite networks include British Sky Broadcasting (40%); VOX, Germany (49.9%); Canal Fox, Latin America; FOXTEL, Australia (50%); STAR TV, Asia; IskyB, India; Bahasa Programming Ltd., Indonesia (50%); and News Broadcasting, Japan (80%).
    * The Golf Channel (33%).


    * Twentieth Century Fox, Fox Searchlight.
    * 132 newspapers (113 in Australia alone) including the New York Post, the London Times and The Australian.
    * 25 magazines including TV Guide and The Weekly Standard.
    * HarperCollins books.


    * Sports: LA Dodgers, LA Kings, LA Lakers, National Rugby League.
    * Ansett Australia airlines, Ansett New Zealand airlines.

    "Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children.

    The cost of one modern heavy bomber is this: a modern brick school in more than 30 cities. It is two electric power plants, each serving a town of 60,000 population. It is two fine, fully equipped hospitals. It is some 50 miles of concrete highway. We pay for a single fighter with a half million bushels of wheat. We pay for a single destroyer with new homes that could have housed more than 8,000 people. This, I repeat, is the best way of life to be found on the road the world has been taking.

    This is not a way of life at all, in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron."

    - Pres. Dwight D. Eisenhower

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    Thanks for putting this 'little bit of Americana' on the board.
    Chip. Chip. Chip.

    I would like to discuss this one particular curious notion:
    66 percent of African Americans rely upon the mainstream media for information about politics and the U.S. government

    But I think the information sorta speaks for itself or my inquiry may be better suited on a different thread... So, you're welcome! I thought this would be of some interest to the board.

    Oh and it's our perceptions that I'm worried about...
    Oh and it's our perceptions that I'm worried about...---Nmaginate

    And THAT IS the truth!!

    I think we are chippint at this as well.

    As I just posted in reply to SistaSouljah on another threa, I still succumb to speaking Ebonics. Partly out of guilt for being able to speak the main language, and partly out of simply wanting to be understood, linguistically.

    There is a large job we have to do.


    Jim Chester
    66 percent of African Americans rely upon the mainstream media for information about politics and the U.S. government---Nmaginate post

    I didn't ignore your interest in discussing this. I first thought it was rhectorical. In cas it not...

    I would conclude that the other 34% are getting their news from the Internet. Maybe 32%.

    I can't estimate the percentage having the African American media being their primary source for news. As you can see, I place it as a small number.

    We little choice.

    In my early years, my family got weekly news of what was going on in the African American community through the Pittsburgh Courier.

    The main source of news even then was the dominant media. It was daily. A week is too long to wait.

    I don't think an ethnically focused source for news is a balanced perspective...and it should not be intended to be.


    Jim Chester

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