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The Blue Mentality: Study Shows in Police Shootings, Race of Victim is a Factor, not Race of Officer

February 23, 2016 | Posted by
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CBS/AP

CBS/AP

Most of the public discourse concerning police brutality and abuse is framed in terms of a Black and white issue.  But what if it really is a matter of Black and Blue?  A new study suggests exactly that.

As Frank Vyan Walton reported in the Daily Kos, a study of 259 cases in Chicago from 2006 to 2014 found that incidents of police violence and excessive force are not merely white officers shooting Black victims. Rather, the officers’ race closely matches the demographics of a given police department.  However, these unarmed victims are typically African-American and live in poorer, less-diverse communities.

These findings would suggest that efforts to increase diversity on the police force — putting Black faces in high places — could amount to mere window dressing and fail to solve the systemic problems with policing in Black spaces.  For years, people in the neighborhood would speak of the “blue mentality” that pervades police departments.  Police are known as a “gang in blue” with its own culture of silence, corruption and even criminality. Those cops who cross the line and speak out against the gang are shunned, punished and can no longer seek protection from their department.

The study, called “Blue on Black: An Empirical Assessment of Police Shootings,” was authored by Nirej Sekhon, assistant professor of law at Georgia State University.  Sekhon noted that in Chicago, not unlike “other large cities, shooting victims are overwhelmingly minorities, with Black persons constituting over 80% of victims. Contrary to intuition, many of the officer shooters are minorities as well. The analysis here suggests that neither racist malevolence nor unconscious bias afford complete explanations for why officer-involved shootings occur.”

He adds that there is too much focus placed on the decision-making process of individual officers rather than larger institutional issues and other dynamics.  Rather, scholars and policy makers should address bad practices as opposed to merely disciplining officers whenever these outrageous incidents take place.

“Shifting focus in this way will help identify connections between everyday policing tactics in minority neighborhoods – such as plainclothes policing and aggressive stop and frisk – and officer-involved shootings,” he wrote.

Interestingly, Sekhon’s research, which uses data from Chicago’s Independent Police Review Authority, debunks many of the myths floating around when such excessive force incidents occur.  For example, such shootings are often found to be “justified” because the officer thought the suspect had a gun.  It turns out that in 40 percent of cases there was no gun, and police officers believe there is a gun 20 percent times more often than when a gun is actually present:

Studies have consistently reported that officer-perceived gun threats are the most common proximate cause for officer-involved shootings. Officers reported a perceived gun threat in more than 80% of cases and recovered a firearm attributable to the victim in nearly 60% of incidents.
 
Similar was true for incidents in New York City and in Philadelphia. In nearly half of all the IPRA Reports, the gun threat occurred in conjunction with or immediately after a suspect fled on foot from police officers. In roughly three quarters of those cases, the involved officers reported that the suspect pointed a firearm directly at them during the chase. More than a third of the shootings that occurred during or immediately after a foot chase began as proactive encounters.
 
Further, contrary to the popular belief that cops shoot to stop a perpetrator from committing violent act and to prevent a dangerous situation, very often there is no crime being committed. Sekhon wrote that although there is no typical police shooting, nearly 50 percent of the 259 incidents he reviewed involved officers shooting during or immediately after a foot chase.
 
“In my view, not all of these chases were necessary. We expect officers to chase and subdue a murder suspect who fires shots at officers as was described in one of the reports I read,” Sekhon argues. “But we ought to feel differently when officers chase and shoot a young black man whose only offense was “looking in the officers’ direction” or “grabbing his…waistband and turning away.”
 
Nirej Sekhon, assistant professor of law at Georgia State University

Nirej Sekhon, assistant professor of law at Georgia State University

Moreover, even as the law professor’s study punches holes in the argument that police shootings are a result solely of the racism of white officers, the research also challenges the notion that such incidents are par for the course in violent communities of color.  Professor Sekhon argues that the police officers themselves are the problem in these shootings.

“Nor is it true that officer-involved shootings are simply an unfortunate, but inevitable byproduct of crime in poor, minority neighborhoods. The IPRA Reports reveal that most shootings occur in such neighborhoods,” he writes. “But the reports also suggest that enforcement choices may make shootings more likely – for example, choices to rely on plainclothes policing, encourage aggressive stop and frisk tactics, and leave foot chases unregulated. These enforcement choices warrant careful scrutiny even if they are not unconstitutional or otherwise illegal,” he added.

Sekhon goes a step further by noting that in nearly a quarter of the cases he examined, the police stirred the pot in very concrete ways, forcing us to question why these stops even occurred at all.  And even if we conclude that the initial stop was warranted, then we must ask why a foot chase resulting in a fatal shooting was necessary, given the innocuous nature of the conduct that led to the initial stop:

These police-civilian encounters began as traffic stops for minor violations, because someone made a “furtive movement,” or just looked suspicious. Many of these stops were likely of the “stop and frisk” variety that have been controversial in New York City, Chicago, and other cities. The shootings that occur in the course of these kinds of encounters follow a general pattern. One of the stopped civilians flees and the police give chase. During or immediately after the chase, officers shoot in response to a perceived gun threat.
 
According to the author, making a connection between neighborhood violence and police shootings only makes sense if shooting victims were exclusively those individuals who were suspected of violent crime, but this is not the case.
 

Finally, the study emphasizes that because many of the police officers who shoot Black victims are themselves Black, police shootings cannot be reduced to a case of white-on-Black racism.  Perhaps we need to take a closer look at the “Blue vs. Black” phenomenon.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"I'm just trying to make a way out of no way, for my people" -Modejeska Monteith Simpkins

 

AFRICAN AMERICA IS AT WAR

THERE IS A RACE WAR ON AFRICAN AMERICA

THERE IS A RACE WAR ON AFRICAN AMERICANS

THERE IS A RACE WAR ON BLACK PEOPLE IN AMERICA

AMERICA'S RACISTS HAVE INFILTRATED AMERICAN POLICE FORCES TO WAGE A RACE WAR AGAINST BLACK PEOPLE IN AMERICA

THE BLACK RACE IS AT WAR

FIRST WORLD WAR:  THE APPROXIMATELY 6,000 YEAR WORLD WAR ON AFRICA AND THE BLACK RACE

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The Blue Mentality: Study Shows in Police Shootings, Race of Victim is a Factor, not Race of Officer

 

  It's the BRAINWASHING of the black eunuch/emasculated female.    Bottom line.  That's the ONLY reason why a BLACK officer male or female can SHOOT to kill another BLACK person at the drop of a hat.  In training, law enforcement simply subliminally crush the balls of black men and destroy of the emotive empathy of black women.  Cuz that is the only way they can look YOU in the eyes while pulling the trigger.  It's an old tactic.  And  it continues to work as why we continue to DIE at the hands of the klan under the office guise of the police department nationwide.  But!

  BTW:  As other minorities sit on the sidelines and watch this?  What they don't know cuz their parents from the old world hasn't told them....it's gon HAPPEN to them and they will NOT have reenforcement like we do[yeah we do].  They are gonna be NEXT in line if they don't get their ass out there and help us.  Cuz see?  If it wasn't for US them folks would be back in the old country being hammered by the dictation there where they didn't have ANY power to combat it.  How soon folks forget as they live in their big house, new cars and top job..the many of our people DIED for?  Now.  What they don't know?  All of that?  Can be PULLED out from under them in a focking new york minute.  So they better open their eyes to see it is not about minority power as much as it is about eliminating supposedly the weak who they think are draining their society.  Their society?  Sounds familiar don't it?  So they need to get their heads outta massa's ass or they are gonna be NEXT.  And the funny thing is?  They don't even think...massa will come after them.  Ha!  BTW:  Europe is having a hissy cuz countries there are overwhelmed by the immigration as a result of the war in Syria.  White folks are scared cuz them folks are raping their lily white women.  And there's a history behind that too.  I'm not gonna go into but nevertheless I see this movement in Europe as Karma.  But!  

Kocolicious posted:

  BTW:  As other minorities sit on the sidelines and watch this?  What they don't know cuz their parents from the old world hasn't told them....it's gon HAPPEN to them and they will NOT have reenforcement like we do[yeah we do].  They are gonna be NEXT in line if they don't get their ass out there and help us.  Cuz see?  If it wasn't for US them folks would be back in the old country being hammered by the dictation there where they didn't have ANY power to combat it.  How soon folks forget as they live in their big house, new cars and top job..the many of our people DIED for?  Now.  What they don't know?  All of that?  Can be PULLED out from under them in a focking new york minute.  So they better open their eyes to see it is not about minority power as much as it is about eliminating supposedly the weak who they think are draining their society.  Their society?  Sounds familiar don't it?  So they need to get their heads outta massa's ass or they are gonna be NEXT.  And the funny thing is?  They don't even think...massa will come after them.  Ha!  BTW:  Europe is having a hissy cuz countries there are overwhelmed by the immigration as a result of the war in Syria.  White folks are scared cuz them folks are raping their lily white women.  And there's a history behind that too.  I'm not gonna go into but nevertheless I see this movement in Europe as Karma.  But!  

All the other 'minorities' in America have chosen to live in a BIG fantasy world about race and racism here in America.  What kills me is how instead of at least remaining neutral, they quickly chose to run to the side of the racists against Black people.

Hell, it would take nothing for all the Black people in America to just pick the hell up and leave and they will find out real quick that we, Black people, were the only buffer between them and America's most vile racists in the first place.  

But, with all America's other minorities have shown the Black race in America, Black people need to consider it a very valuable lesson, a very valuable lesson in learning that the Black race is on its own, not only in America, but globally, and that we as a group, as a race, need to start to act like it.  

 

Sista Sunnubian wrote:  

All the other 'minorities' in America have chosen to live in a BIG fantasy world about race and racism here in America.  What kills me is how instead of at least remaining neutral, they quickly chose to run to the side of the racists against Black people.

  That cuz the culture they come from is racist. It has a caste system of colorism there.  In southasia it is very clear.  And if you roam through each counry in Asia you will see the racism.  Their buddha is WHITE not swarthy or smooth black like in countries south of them.  And their government has a history of subjugating their people since the collapse of the matriarchal regime on the other side of the world.    Their society has PROSTITUTED their own women and children...especially young girls and boys.  As well as ousted the women in their families, cultures, and communities.  So what I'm saying is they too are BRAINWASHED.  And it worse cuz they stick together and come here and benefit off the foundation BLACK PEOPLE built and commence to try and wipe their bloody booths on us. Our power is KNOWING their history.  Once that is accomplished...it's on and crackin.  Come on with it.  But like massa?  They cowards.  And other minorities who come from eastern Europe and surrounding areas are COWARDS too as why they have no problem standing on the side line watching us DO all the social work they will benefit from..

Hell, it would take nothing for all the Black people in America to just pick the hell up and leave and they will find out real quick that we, Black people, were the only buffer between them and America's most vile racists in the first place.  

But my sista they don't care about us being their buffer between massa and them.  Cuz they LOVE massa.  They bleach their skins too to be the color he is.  Especially for those who still have a little tinge in their skins.  Absolutely.

But, with all America's other minorities have shown the Black race in America, Black people need to consider it a very valuable lesson, a very valuable lesson in learning that the Black race is on its own, not only in America, but globally, and that we as a group, as a race, need to start to act like it.  

Absolutely.   I agree.  And black people has been on their own every since we were targeted by the Arab slavers.  And with Asians?  This is soooooo ironic.  They  like EVERYTHING about black culture-the music, the look, the culture.  As why they copy it more than other race of people on this earth.  You can see it China, Japan, South Korea, all the way to the Mongol culture....you can see our BLACK influence on them [and they disguise this love by showing public hate like the images of buffoon looking blacks in Japan you know to show face]...but!  Massa is their hero.  You see it in their paintings, literature and homage to LOOK just like him...and AGAIN?  There is a sick [sexual] HISTORY behind that....and they teach this history to their children and children's children so they will be submissive to that.  And this submissiveness is not just in Asia...its in every place massa has conquered.  They come here with stars in their eyes...cuz lemme tell in the countries they come from?  They absolutely have no power as why they just love being in America..

And the thing is?  In Asia specificially?  Massa tried all kinds of ways to KEEP these very same people addicted to drugs in an effort to take over their land....and STILL they LOVE his ass and during both wars were selling their innocent women and children i.e. comfort women, geisha girls to massa.  And then when massa allowed them to come here after WW2 and earned a living as citizens?  OMG!  To them...massa transformed into a God-who they silently ADMIRE more than their own buddha.  He can do no WRONG.   And this shows.  It shows everyday of massa brutality towards us. as they sit there and do nothing as if it can NEVER happen to them.  They are not even appreciative to the stage WE set for them to come in this country as free people.  All we get from them?  Nose up in the air.  But!  Karma is a bitch[I sooooooooo believe in Karma],  And when it comes to fall on their heads HARD...and it will.  No one...absolutely no one will be there to save them.  But!  

Last edited by Kocolicious

"But my sistathey don't care about us being their buffer between massaand them.  Cuz they LOVE massa.  They bleach their skins too to be the color he is.  Especially for those who still have a little tinge in their skins.  Absolutely."

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I know better than to think they care, I'm just saying without usbeing the buffer between them and America's most vile racists, they would be us in America.  

Talk about "but for the grace of God . . .", NO! It's "but for the Black buffer that stands between" . . . 

And it's laughable that they believe it's because they are "accepted" or because they are "better", etc., [and whatever other lies they are being told (for now)].

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