It sounds to me that the SAT probably does exactly what it's supposed to do: measure readiness for college. I don't think our people are served well by changing it to artificially inflate our kids' scores. The energy we waste on fighting this kind of fight would be better served on the fight to improve our schools.
You know, Vox ... I wouldn't advocate for changing the test for that reason, either!!
And I really hope that's not the case.
But, what I do know is true .. at least down here in Texas ... from talking to parents of young, elementary school-aged children is that the curriculum used in these schools nowadays does not "teach" subjects in the same way we learned them!! In fact, the only thing really being 'taught' is how to pass the next upcoming test so that the kid can be eligible to go to the next grade!!
Texas has its own set of (SAT-like) tests - probably a result of NCLB - that start at the 3rd grade and are then given every couple of years through the child's entire school life! The "lessons" taught are directly geared to be able to answer the test questions ... and not to really stimulate learning ... or develop tools like critical thinking, comprehension of what is being learned, or using 'context learning' to be able to figure out the answers to questions on their own.
Therefore ... if the test is set up so that these types of learning tools are needed in order to get an answer "right" ... or to determine a 'higher score' ... and certain children aren't learning/being taught these tools, while 'others' are
... that alone could be a factor wherein the test itself could not necessarily be deemed to be specifically "racially biased" ... but, it could be determined to be fundamentally unfair on a 'racial' basis!!
Again ... I don't know the specifics of this test .. or what's on it or how its phrased. But .. when you think back to the fact that Black people/children used to be killed for learning to read and write ... and White people/children NEVER were faced with that .. the fact that we can freely go to school and get educated today doesn't mean that all is fair and even. There are systemic, historic, cultural and not to mention discriminatory practices and reasons why a "standardized" test supposedly given on a "fair, balanced and equal" basis to ALL students could/would be racially discriminatory towards one race over another.
Now ... whether or not it's intentional
... is, I think, the big question ... and, as you say a serious charge. But, I also think it's possible that unintentional consequences can be at play based on the construction of the test that might make it unfair on some level, as well.