QUEEN CALAFIA THE BLACK AMAZON QUEEN AFTER WHOM CALIFORNIA IS NAMED: BLACK CALIFORNIAN OF THE BLACK MOJAVE NATION WHO LIVED IN CALIFORNIA BEFORE THE SPANISH INVASION
The original peoples of California included two races. They were the descendants of prehistoric Negroid peoples like the picture on the right of a Black Mojave warrior. The other group were members of Mongoloid "Indian" peoples who also existed in the region along with people who migrated from the Canada/Alaska region.
HISTORY OF THE ORIGINAL BLACK CALIFORNIANS
The history of the original Black peoples of California is not mentioned in most Amrican history books. The term "Indian" is used to classify all the peoples found in the Americas when Columbus arrived. Yet, Columbus and his men as well as people like Balboa and Peter Matyr do mention "Ethiopians" in the Caribbean, Darien region of Panama, the cost of South America, California and other areas. These Blacks were the "Descendants of Ham" specifically those with black skins and kinky/curly hair that the Spaniards and other Europeans were instructed to capture and enslave, then Christianize based on the edict of the mid 1400's, (see "A History of the African-Olmecs," published by 1stBooks Library, 1663 Liberty Drive Suite 200, Bloomington, Indiana 47404 USA www.1stbooks.com 1(800) 839-8640.
The Black Californians were not American Indians but people identical to Africans in race and features. In fact they looked like Africans and somewhat like Melanesians. The history of the Black Californians may appear to be shrowded in mystry, however that is merely due to the attempt to keep their history obscure by not mentioning that the original people of California included Blacks as well as American Indians who existed there for thousands of years before Columbus.
Yet, the Black Californians are not unknown to the Spanish invaders and colonialists whose descendants are part of the populations of Mexico, California and the South Western US and who are no different from the settlers and colonialists from England, France, Portugl and elsewhere. In fact, the Spaniard who mentions the legend of Queen Califia as being a Black Amazon Queen who ruled a land at the edge of the world, where the women were warriors and decked in gold, was Ordonez de Montalvo.
Montalvo is said to have gotten a book that mentions Queen Calafia and her Black Amazon warriors. Some historians have speculated that Queen Calafia was probably one of the female African Amazon Queens similar to those who ruled in Dahomey and parts of West Africa for some time, or perhaps the Nubian Queens of Nubia during the period of 100 BC to 200 AD or sometime during that period.
The Spanish explorers along the California Coast were among the first to see and enquire about the Black Californians. One source maintains that the Spaniards upon arriving along the California shores saw a number of Black people with ships. They asked the Indians who were they and the Indians replied that these "black, curlyhaired people," were of the land (California) and traded with people across the sea (the Pacific Ocean) by sailing back and forth.
Where were these Black Californians going to in the Pacific? It is most likely they were trading with people in Hawaii or as far as the South Pacific where the Black population has always been very large and very widespread. In fact when Magellan arrived in the Filipines, there were large numbers of Negritos who were well organized and according to some sources a strong population (African Presence in Early Asia, edt. by Ivan Van Sertima, Runoko Rashidi).
Black traders and Black Africoid peoples who had been in the Americas for thousands of years were also spread in the Mississippi Valley, the Eastern US, Mexico and the Caribbean. Among these groups were the Washitaw, the Yamassee, Guale, Califunami, Chuarras of Brazil, Afro-Dariente of Panama, Choco of Colombia, Olmec (Mende-Shi) of Mexico, Guanini of South America and others. I. Rafinesque mentions a number of Black groups in his work, "The Primitive Black Nations of America," (Fiends Society, Philadelphia, 1833). One things is certain, the Europeans, Americans, Spaniards never mistook American Indians for Negro Africans. They always referred the Blacks of the Negro African type as "Moors" "Blacks" or "Ethiopians." The Indians were sometimes mistaken for Asians or Indians from India.
WHAT HAPPENED TO THE BLACK CALIFORNIANS AND ORIGINAL BLACKS OF CALIFORNIA AND THE SOUTH WEST
The Blacks of California became victims of Spanish colonialism. Many were enslaved and worked on the ranches of the Californios. Others became part of the Black population of California, while some continued fighting untill the mid to late 1800's.
Like the California Indians of the Mongoloid Indian race who were hunted down in California at fifty dollars a head (the same genocidal practice was carried against Black Aboriginals in Australia) and who were made to reject their Indian culture to become 'Mexicans and accept European ways, the Black Californians suffered a similar fate.
One book shows a picture of Black Californians being marched into slavery by Spanish Californios on horsehack. There is no doubt that since California was basically like the rest of the United States and partially segregated up to 1965, the Black Californians who were found in the state when the Spanish arrived and who continued to survive did not disappear. As the picture above shows, these Blacks were similar in features to Blacks from Africa, therefore it would have been easy for them to have become part of the Black population of California at a time when the Black population was as high as forty percent in some areas. Hence, the Black Aboriginal population of California continued to exist and Blacks of California today are their descendants, including the descendants of Africans from Mexico and freed
slaves and free Blacks from the Eastern and Southern US.
In retrospect, it is proper that Blacks in California understand their true history and realize that California was named after the Black Amazon Queen Calafia and that the original inhabitants of California, the people who have any claim and rights to any land are the American Indians and Black Californians who are in fact part of the Black populations of California today.
The problem with the conditions of Blacks in California today is the lack of knowledge of ownership and the lack of knowledge of history. Blacks in California see their economic, politial and numerical power and insluence as a shrinking minority in California, a state that had a significant Black population for hundreds and perhaps thousands of years.
PROPOSITIONS THAT SEEK TO HIDE THE RACIAL AND ETHNIC ORIGINS OF PEOPLE CONTINUES THE SAME GENOCIDAL POLICY
CARRIED OUT AGAINST THE AMERICAN INDIANS AND BLACK CALIFORNIANS
The shrinking numbers of Blacks in California (from 40 percent before the 1800's to 7 percent today) has to do with the deliberate policies of genocide being implemented against Blacks by political trickery and policies. In fact, propositions that aim to not classify race or ethnicity in California are just as evil as the "hygene" program taken in Europe during World War II to determine who is "Aryan" and who was not. This time the aim is to "Anglicize" the population yet maintain a strata of caste where Blacks after loosing their identity and culture will be nothing but inferior copies of Anglo-Saxons. The Anglo-Saxons will continue to dominate and maintain their culture, but Blacks will simply be copying them and being kept down without a culture, without an identity and in many ways without the essence and the soul of what makes a people unique.
Hence, in order to boost the Black population, the means of doing so will have to be implemented immediately. It must be kept in mind that numbers do count and populations are increased when people get married, stay married and have lots of children, while rejecting all ideas, schemes and tricks being pushed on them by others.
Yet, the fact remains that there was indeed a Black warrior nation in California and they were at war with the Spanish, Mexican Spaniards and the US settlers until about the mid 1800's. According to the Black Book (Random House, 1974), the settlers and their armies were "relieved" when the Black Californians were pacified.
In retrospect, the time has come for today's Black Californians to know their history and understand who was always in this state and who came during the period of colonialism. The idea that a person from another land whose ancestors committed genocide against American Indians and Black Californians has more right to any part of California is utterly absurd. There is no difference between a Spanish invader and settler and French or Dutch one. They are still settlers and they cannot claim what is not theirs. Perhaps that is why the history of the Black Californians has been obscured and perhaps that is why the genocidal policies against Blacks in California has led to the decrease in the population. It is up to The People to do all that is necessary to reverse this trend. California should never be left for others to enjoy. The Black Californians must increase their population in order to make sure they are not reduced to slavery, again. Nubers matter and its time to get organized and take steps to enlarge the population.
Read more on the Black Californians
"A History of the African-Olmces" published by 1stbooks Library, 1663 Liberty Drive, Suite 200, Bloomington, Indiana 47404 USA www.1stbooks.com