History Channel Portrays Hannibal as Black, White People Cry Foul Over ‘Historical Revisionism’
History Channel‘s newest documentary series, Barbarians Rising, tackles the fall of Rome over the course of 700 years of invasions. However, the most recent episode that aired Monday depicts Hannibal of Carthage as a Black man, and many white history buffs are crying foul over the “historical inaccuracy.”
In the series, Hannibal is portrayed by Black British actor Nicholas Pinnock. The famous Carthaginian was a thorn in the empire’s side. He became a general at the age of 26 and managed to unite barbarian tribes to stop Rome’s imperial rise. The military genius was famous for climbing the Alps with war elephants whose sole purpose was to stomp the Roman army.
Hannibal ultimately wanted to invade Rome, but he failed to do so.
There have been debates over the race of Hannibal. This debate still continues till this day.
Here are some Youtube comments that where left below the clip:
But, . . . :
Hannibal Barca Hannibal Barca, who was the greatest military leader and strategist of all time, was born in 247 B.C. when Carthage, the then maritime power, had started to decline.
Hannibal accompanied Hamilclar, his father, in a battle against the Romans when very young, and he succeeded his father and became supreme commander of the peninsula seventeen years later.
Hannibal, the North African Hercules is the black man hailed by scholars and military historians as the father of military strategy. Hannibal performed the astounding feat of marching his army and war elephants through the Alps to surprise and conquer his enemies in 218 B.C. With only 26,000 of his original force of 82,000 troops, he defeated Rome which was the mightiest military power at the time, with an army of a million men. For the next fifteen years Rome was defeated in every battle.
Hannibal’s tactics are still taught today in leading military academies of the U.S.A., Europe & other lands, and to this very day his genius as a strategist, warrior, statesman and economist, along with his example of moral courage, is an example to be emulated by all members of the African, Afro-American, West Indian and Black Communities across the globe.
In one battle led by Scipio, the Romans put 80,000 men on the battle grounds to defeat Hannibal. When Scipio attacked with his entire army, Hannibal had so studied the layout of the field and had organized his men in such a way, that they surrounded the Romans. He then turned his war elephants loose and crushed them first before sending in his African swordsmen behind them to complete the slaughter. Scipio Africanus admired and praised his noble enemy, and the two adversaries developed a friendship.
In another battle, Rome sent 90,000 men led by Varro and Emilius. With only 50,000 men, Hannibal placed the weakest part of his army in the centre contrary to the best military rules, knowing that he could not win if he had used his main force. With his veterans and cavalry on both wings, the Romans attacked them in the centre just as Hannibal had envisaged. When they were sure of a victory by overcoming the centre, Hannibal's flank then closed in and killed 70,000 men and 80 senators, including Emilius.
- Thu, February 28, 2008 - 9:51 AM
Hannibal was described as a tall man of exceptional physical strength, endurance, skill as an athlete and soldier. The men who served under his command admired his superior martial art skills and his willingness to endure the same hardships that they were faced with. These physical and mental characteristics made him stand out high above all the others.
Hannibal possessed extraordinary courage, cunning, resourcefulness, great intellect, all of which made him a difficult opponent against the Romans. His charismatic influence as an orator, politician, and military commander enabled him to solidify an army made up of Phoenicians, Greeks, Estrucans, Africans from the many nations of Africa, Iberians from Spain, nomads of the African Coast, Gauls, Libyans, and Numidians, making him therefore the first commander in charge of a multi-cultural, multi-ethnic, and multi-racial military force.
Hannibal used his great personal wealth, which was envied by the Romans, mainly to finance the army that defended the Carthaginian Empire and enabled him to maintain the war against Rome.
The Romans reluctantly admitted that Hannibal was a lot less cruel than they were during combat, and that he treated women captured in battle with the utmost respect compared to the Romans.
Hannibal was famous for his honourable and courteous treatment of prisoners, friendly camaraderie with his troops, the frightening intensity of his anger, and his intense hatred of Rome.
Hannibal would rise early in the morning and retire late at night to sleep. He was the first to engage the enemy in battle and the last one to leave. He was a moderate drinker of wine and displayed physical fortitude when challenged by the extreme cold of the Alps, or the vicious heat of the African climate.
Hannibal the Great, however was superior to Alexander the Great when it came to self-control, his own anger, moral integrity, and how he could render his facial expressions unreadable to the observer. He was challenged far more than Alexander when one considers the reversal of fortune he had to contend with.
There were several European nations which fell under black Africa's rule. Hannibal, the great genius and Carthaginian general plundered deep inside Europe and seized Spain, Portugal, a portion of France, all of Italy and also made a triumphant trip across the Alps to conquer Rome.
Phoenician The Carthaginians were descendants of the Negro-Phoenicians also called Zidonians who were the descendants of Ham's grandson Sidon, the black first son of Canaan. (This bust of a Phoenician is from the Louvre museum.) They were known as great Black merchants who traded with India, the people of the Mediterranean and the Scilly Isles, but the Phoenicians were also highly skilled seamen, navigators, ship builders, traders, and architects.
Hannibal was a member of the Barca family which was the most prominent family of the Carthaginian Empire which was renowned for its enormous prosperity and dominance of the Mediterranean Sea.
The people of Carthage were described by contemporaries as having very dark skin, flat noses, finely curled hair, and full lips, as commonly seen among North Africans. The Carthaginian women were famed for their beauty and the men for their handsome appearance.
While dwelling in Europe, Hannibal and his Negro-African Army intermixed their blood with the Europeans, and even to this day, the people of those nations have frizzy coiled hair and darkish skin.*************************************************************
Hannibal Barca of Carthage, North Africa
Image: Coin bearing the image of Hannibal and his famed battalion of elephants.In 247 B.C., the year Hannibal Barca was born, the Carthage empire was about 500 years old. Known as one of the greatest strategist in military history, the battles of Hannibal would strike a turning point in the history of the continent that would be called Africa.Carthage had been settled by Phoenicians as a city-state in North Africa near the current Tunis. In his 1961 work, French Historian Gabriel Audisio comments that he considered "Hannibal to be neither a Phoenician, nor a Carthaginian, nor a Punic, but a North African... The majority of the Punic populace seems to have had African, indeed Negroid, ancestry." Whether described as Carthaginians, Phoenicians, or Punics of North Africa, according to Audisio's research they were certainly a mix of aboriginal North Africans that included the native Berbers, Moors and other groups.
The Phoenicians were a Semitic language people. English writers and speakers can thank the Phoenicians for the current English phonic system. The English Alphabets were borrowed from the Phoenician script. Their cultural influence was wide throughout the Mediterranean Sea nations. They were known as skilled sea merchant traders. They ruled in pre-Roman and pre-historic Iberia (currently Spain and Portugal nations on the Iberian Peninsula), until losing against Rome in the Third Punic War. The city of Carthage was destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC.There is no picture of Hannibal in existence today. The coin above is frequently presented by commentators as a representation of Hannibal and his legacy of tamed elephants. While this writer was not able to find an academic source for this coin to confirm its date -- which was more than 2,000 years ago. The existence of such coinage during some point during our common age is no surprise in light of Hannibal's historical legacy.What we do have are descriptions of Hannibal by commentators of his time. According to the Roman historian Levy of the first century of our era, Hannibal was "fearless, utterly prudent in danger, indefatigable, able to endure heat and cold, controlled in eating habits, unpretentious in dress, willing to sleep wrapped in military cloak, a superb rider and horseman." He was the son of the Carthage general Hamilcar Barca. There is no knowledge of his mother in the history records, not even her name. He had two brothers: Hasdrubal resided in Spain and Maharbal was captain of Hannibal's calvary.Carthage and Rome were at war during the First Punic War (264-241 B.C.). Both empires were seeking supremacy over the Mediterranean. Hannibal's father, Hamilcar Barca, general of the Carthaginian mercenaries, was infuriated about the western Mediterranean losses of Sicily and Sardinia. When Hannibal was 17 years old, however, his father was killed in an ambush in Spain, which was primarily under the rule of the North African empire. Hannibal would son step fully into his military career.
In October 218 B.C., during the Second Punic War, Hannibal had arrived at the Alps. His soldiers are said to have stretched for more than eight miles at the Alps, the foothills of the Roman Empire. Hannibal's army of 100,000 men would trek and fight 1,500 miles to arrive at the Alps from Spain. Hannibal armies included Numidians, North Africans from an area roughly where Algeria now draws its boundaries. The Numidians were known as master horsemen who could guide their horses with their knees, leaving their hands free to use swords and throw javelins.They had fought attacks from European tribes like the Gauls.
Map of Carthage empire and Roman empireHannibal is said to have given this speech to the army of men who had survived and crossed the swift-flowing Rhone river:"Why are you afraid?... The greater part of our journey is accomplished. We have surmounted the Pyrenees; we have crossed the Rhone, that mighty river, in spite of the opposition of thousands of Gauls and the fury of the river itself. Now we have the Alps in sight. On the other side of those mountains lies Italy.... Does anyone imagine the Alps to be anything but what they are--lofty mountains. No part of the earth reaches the sky, or is insurmountable to mankind. The Alps produce and support living things. If they are passable by a few men, they are passable to armies."Hannibal lost half of his army in the first two weeks into the Alps. Landslides were touched off by mountain tribes. Men died during hand battle with tribesmen. Starvation and disease were also companions of the embattled lot. Polybus, a Greek historian and contemporary to Hannibal, described Hannibal's arrival to the Po Valley with about 26,000 men. At the Po Valley, Hannibal is said to have made this speech:"Soldiers! You have now surmounted not only the ramparts of Italy, but also Rome. You are entering friendly country inhabited by people who hate the Romans as much as we do. The rest of the journey will be smooth and downhill, and, after one, or at most a second battle, you will have the citadel and capital of Italy in your possession."Commentators have speculated on why Hannibal spoke these words because the men were about to face the most difficult part of the journey. Friends did not await in the Po Valley. Here, the Roman army would meet the men in battle. In retrospect, considering how far the men had come, there really was no going back at this point. The Carthaginians believed that Rome was considering an invasion of Africa. Hannibal believed he had to act through an overland attack on Roman to save Carthage. He would spend 15 years in Italy, winning many battles -- such as the Battle of Cannae where he lost 6,000 troops to Rome's 70,000 troops.We know Hannibal did not succeed, but are astonished by how close he came to success. The second of the Punic Wars was over. When Hannibal eventually retreated with his army to Carthage, his army was defeated by Scipio Africanus in the Battle of Zama. Always sought by the Romans, when Hannibal was about the age of 64 and to be taken prisoner, he took poison and is recorded to have stated:"Let us now put an end to the great anxiety of the Romans who have thought it too lengthy and too heavy a task to wait for the death of a hated old man."
Hon. Dr. John Henrik Clarke on Carthage