Stanley Tookie Williams III (December 29, 1953 – December 13, 2005), was an early leader of the Crips, a notorious American street gang which had its roots in South Central Los Angeles in 1969. In 1979, during two separate robberies, Williams murdered Albert Owens, Yen-Yi Yang, Tsai-Shai Lin, and Yee-Chen Lin; he was subsequently convicted and sentenced to death for those crimes in 1981.
While in prison, Williams maintained his innocence, refused to aid police investigations with any information against his gang, and was involved in attacks on guards and other inmates as well as multiple escape plots. In 1993, Williams began making drastic changes in his behavior, and became an anti-gang activist while on Death Row in California, Although he continued to refuse to assist police in their gang investigations, he renounced his gang affiliation and apologized for the Crips' founding, while maintaining his innocence of the crimes for which he was convicted. He co-wrote children's books and participated in efforts intended to prevent youths from joining gangs.  A 2004 biographical feature film entitled Redemption: The Stan Tookie Williams Story featured Jamie Foxx as Williams.
On December 13, 2005, Williams was executed via lethal injection amidst debate over the death penalty and whether his anti-gang advocacy in prison represented genuine atonement.