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FYI these are the current statistics about the mother continent


1. ALGERIA

FACTS


Population: 32.9 million (UN, 2005)
Capital: Algiers
Area: 2.4 million sq km (919,595 sq miles)
Major languages: Arabic, French, Berber
Major religion: Islam
Life expectancy: 68 years (men), 71 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 dinar = 100 centimes
Main exports: Oil, gas
GNI per capita: US $1,890 (World Bank, 2003)
Internet domain: .dz
International dialling code: +213


2. ANGOLA

FACTS


Population: 14.5 million (UN, 2005)
Capital: Luanda
Area: 1.25m sq km (481,354 sq miles)
Major languages: Portuguese (official), Umbundu, Kimbundu, Kikongo
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 39 years (men), 41 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Kwanza = 100 lwei
Main exports: Oil, diamonds, minerals, coffee, fish, timber
GNI per capita: US $740 (World Bank, 2003)
Internet domain: .ao
International dialling code: +244



3. BENIN

FACTS


Population: 7.1 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Porto-Novo
"¢ Area: 112,622 sq km (43,484 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French (official) Fon, Ge, Bariba, Yoruba, Dendi
"¢ Major religions: Indigenous beliefs, Christianity, Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 48 years (men), 53 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Cotton, palm oil
"¢ GNI per capita: US $440 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .bj
"¢ International dialling code: +229


4. BOTSWANA

FACTS

Population: 1.8 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Gaborone
"¢ Area: 581,730 sq km (224,607 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: English (official), Setswana
"¢ Major religions: Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 39 years (men), 40 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Pula = 100 thebe
"¢ Main exports: Diamonds, copper, nickel, beef
"¢ GNI per capita: US $3,430 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .bw
"¢ International dialling code: +267



5. BURKINA FASO

FACTS

Population: 13.8 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Ouagadougou
"¢ Area: 274,200 sq km (105,870 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French, indigenous languages
"¢ Major religions: Islam, Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 45 years (men), 46 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Cotton, animal products, gold
"¢ GNI per capita: US $300 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .bf
"¢ International dialling code: +226



6. BURUNDI

FACTS


Population: 7.3 million (UN, 2005)
Capital: Bujumbura
Area: 27,816 sq km (10,740 sq miles)
Major languages: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili
Major religions: Christianity
Life expectancy: 40 years (men), 41 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Burundi franc = 100 centimes
Main exports: coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides
GNI per capita: US $100 (World Bank, 2003)
Internet domain: .bi
International dialling code: +257


7. Cameroon

FACTS

Population: 16.6 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Yaounde
"¢ Area: 465,458 sq km (179,714 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French, English, languages of Bantu, Semi-Bantu and Sudanic groups
"¢ Major religions: Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
"¢ Life expectancy: 45 years (men), 47 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Crude oil and petroleum products, timber, cocoa, aluminium, coffee, cotton
"¢ GNI per capita: US $640 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .cm
"¢ International dialling code: +237


8. Cape Verde

FACTS

Population: 482,000 (UN, 2005)
Capital: Praia
Area: 4,033 sq km (1,557 sq miles)
Major languages: Portuguese, Crioulo (a mixture of archaic Portuguese and African words)
Major religions: Christianity
Life expectancy: 67 years (men), 73 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Cape Verdean escudo = 100 centavos
Main exports: Shoes, clothes, fish, bananas, hides, pozzolana (a volcanic rock used in making cement)
GNI per capita: US $1,340 (World Bank, 2003)
Internet domain: .cv
International dialling code: +238


9. Central African Republic

FACTS

Population: 3.9 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Bangui
"¢ Area: 622,984 sq km (240,535 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French, Sangho (lingua franca)
"¢ Major religions: Christianity, Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 38 years (men), 40 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Diamonds, timber, cotton, coffee, tobacco
"¢ GNI per capita: US $260 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .cf
"¢ International dialling code: +236


10. Chad

FACTS

Population: 9.1 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: N'Djamena
"¢ Area: 1.28 million sq km (495,800 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French, Arabic
"¢ Major religions: Islam, Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 44 years (men), 46 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Cotton, oil, livestock, textiles
"¢ GNI per capita: US $250 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .td
"¢ International dialling code: +235


11. Comoros

FACTS

Population: 812,000 (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Moroni
"¢ Area: 1,862 sq km (719 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Arabic, French, Comoran (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)
"¢ Major religion: Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 60 years (men), 62 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Comoran franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Vanilla, cloves, perfume oil, copra
"¢ GNI per capita: US $450 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .km
"¢ International dialling code: +269


12. Republic of Congo

FACTS

Population: 3.9 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Brazzaville
"¢ Area: 342,000 sq km (132,047 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French, indigenous African languages
"¢ Major religions: Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 47 years (men), 50 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Oil, timber, plywood, sugar, cocoa, coffee, diamonds
"¢ GNI per capita: US $640 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .cg
"¢ International dialling code: +242



13. Democratic Republic of Congo

FACTS


Population: 56 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Kinshasa
"¢ Area: 2.34 million sq km (905,354 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French, Lingala, Kiswahili, Kikongo, Tshiluba
"¢ Major religions: Christianity, Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 41 years (men), 43 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Congolese franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Diamonds, copper, coffee, cobalt, crude oil
"¢ GNI per capita: US $100 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .cd
"¢ International dialling code: +243


14. Djibouti

FACTS


Population: 721,000 (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Djibouti
"¢ Area: 23,200 sq km (8,950 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French, Arabic, Somali, Afar
"¢ Major religion: Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 45 years (men), 47 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Djiboutian franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Re-exports, hides and skins, coffee (re-exported from Ethiopia)
"¢ GNI per capita: US $910 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .dj
"¢ International dialling code: +253


15. Egypt

FACTS


Population: 74.9 million (UN, 2005)
Capital: Cairo
Area: 1 million sq km (386,874 sq miles)
Major language: Arabic
Major religion: Islam
Life expectancy: 67 years (men), 71 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Egyptian Pound = 100 piastres
Main exports: Petroleum, petroleum products and cotton
GNI per capita: US $1,390 (World Bank, 2003)
Internet domain: .eg
International dialling code: +20


16. Equatorial Guinea

FACTS

Population: 521,000 (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Malabo
"¢ Area: 28,051 sq km (10,830 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Spanish, French
"¢ Major religion: Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 48 years (men), 50 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Petroleum, timber, cocoa
"¢ GNI per capita: US $930 (World Bank, 2001)
"¢ Internet domain: .gq
"¢ International dialling code: +240



17. Eritrea

FACTS


Population: 4.4 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Asmara
"¢ Area: 117,400 sq km (45,300 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Tigrinya, Tigre, Arabic, English
"¢ Major religions: Islam, Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 51 years (men), 54 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Nakfa = 100 cents
"¢ Main exports: Livestock, hides, sorghum, textiles, salt, light manufactures
"¢ GNI per capita: US $190 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .er
"¢ International dialling code: +291


18. Ethiopia

FACTS

Population: 74.2 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Addis Ababa
"¢ Area: 1.13 million sq km (437,794 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Amharic, Oromo, Tigrinya, Somali
"¢ Major religions: Christianity, Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 45 years (men), 46 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Birr = 100 cents
"¢ Main exports: Coffee, hides, oilseeds, beeswax, sugarcane
"¢ GNI per capita: US $90 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .et
"¢ International dialling code: +251



19. Gabon

FACTS

Population: 1.4 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Libreville
"¢ Area: 267,667 sq km (103,347 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French, Bantu-group languages
"¢ Major religion: Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 56 years (men), 57 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Crude oil, timber, manganese, uranium
"¢ GNI per capita: US $3,580 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .ga
"¢ International dialling code: +241



20. The Gambia

FACTS

Population: 1.5 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Banjul
"¢ Area: 11,295 sq km (4,361 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: English, indigenous languages
"¢ Major religions: Islam, Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 53 years (men), 55 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 dalasi = 100 butut
"¢ Main exports: Peanuts and peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels
"¢ GNI per capita: US $310 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .gm
"¢ International dialling code: +220


21. Ghana

FACTS

Population: 21.8 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Accra
"¢ Area: 238,533 sq km (92,098 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: English, African languages including Akan, Ewe
"¢ Major religions: Christianity, Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 56 years (men), 59 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: Cedi
"¢ Main exports: Gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminium, manganese ore, diamonds
"¢ GNI per capita: US $320 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .gh
"¢ International dialling code: +233


22. Guinea

FACTS

Population: 8.8 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Conakry
"¢ Area: 245,857 sq km (94,926 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French, various tribal languages
"¢ Major religions: Islam, Christianity, indigenous beliefs
"¢ Life expectancy: 49 years (men), 49 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Guinean franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Bauxite, alumina, gold, diamond, coffee, fish, agricultural products
"¢ GNI per capita: US $430 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .gn
"¢ International dialling code: +224


23. Guinea-Bissau

FACTS

Population: 1.6 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Bissau
"¢ Area: 36,125 sq km (13,948 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Portuguese, Crioulo, African languages
"¢ Major religions: Islam, Christianity
Life expectancy: 44 years (men), 47 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Cashew nuts, shrimp, peanuts, palm kernels, sawn timber
"¢ GNI per capita: US $140 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .gw
"¢ International dialling code: +245


24. Ivory Coast

FACTS

Population: 17.1 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Yamoussoukro
"¢ Area: 322,462 sq km (124,503 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French, indigenous languages
"¢ Major religions: Islam, Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 41 years (men), 41 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Cocoa, coffee, tropical woods, petroleum, cotton, bananas, pineapples, palm oil, fish
"¢ GNI per capita: US $660 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .ci
"¢ International dialling code: +225


25. Kenya

FACTS

Population: 32.8 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Nairobi
"¢ Area: 582,646 sq km (224,961 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Swahili, English
"¢ Major religion: Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 43 years (men), 46 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Kenya shilling = 100 cents
"¢ Main exports: Tea, coffee, horticultural products, petroleum products
"¢ GNI per capita: US $390 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .ke
"¢ International dialling code: +254


26. Lesotho

FACTS

Population: 1.8 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Maseru
"¢ Area: 30,355 sq km (11,720 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Sesotho, English
"¢ Major religion: Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 32 years (men), 38 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 loti (L) = 100 lisente
"¢ Main exports: Clothing, wool, mohair, food, livestock
"¢ GNI per capita: US $590 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .ls
"¢ International dialling code: +266



27. Liberia

FACTS


Population: 3.6 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Monrovia
"¢ Area: 99,067 sq km (38,250 sq miles)
"¢ Languages: English, 29 African languages belonging to the Mande, Kwa or Mel linguistic groups
"¢ Major religions: Christianity, Islam,
"¢ Life expectancy: 41 years (men), 42 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Liberian dollar (L$) = 100 cents
"¢ Main exports: Diamonds, iron ore, rubber, timber, coffee, cocoa
"¢ GNI per capita: US $130 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .lr
"¢ International dialling code: +231



28. Libya

FACTS

Population: 5.8 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Tripoli
"¢ Area: 1.77 million sq km (685,524 sq miles)
"¢ Major language: Arabic
"¢ Major religion: Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 71 years (men), 75 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Libyan dinar (LD) = 1,000 dirhams
"¢ Main exports: Crude oil, petroleum products, natural gas
"¢ GNI per capita: n/a
"¢ Internet domain: .ly
"¢ International dialling code: +218



29. Madagascar

FACTS

Population: 18.4 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Antananarivo
"¢ Area: 587,041 sq km (226,658 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Malagasy (official), French
"¢ Major religions: Indigenous beliefs, Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 52 years (men), 55 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: Ariary
"¢ Main exports: Coffee, seafood, cloves, vanilla, petroleum products, chromium, fabrics
"¢ GNI per capita: US $290 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .mg
"¢ International dialling code: +261

30. Malawi

FACTS


Population: 12.6 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Lilongwe
"¢ Area: 118,484 sq km (45,747 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: English, Chichewa (both official)
"¢ Major religions: Christianity, Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 37 years (men), 38 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Malawi kwacha (MK) = 100 tambala
"¢ Main exports: Tobacco, tea, sugar, cotton
"¢ GNI per capita: US $170 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .mw
"¢ International dialling code: +265

31. Mali

FACTS


Population: 13.8 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Bamako
"¢ Area: 1.25 million sq km (482,077 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French, Bambara, Berber, Arabic
"¢ Major religions: Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 48 years (men), 49 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Cotton, gold, livestock
"¢ GNI per capita: US $290 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .ml
"¢ International dialling code: +223


32. Mauritania

FACTS

Population: 3.1 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Nouakchott
"¢ Area: 1.04 million sq km (398,000 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Arabic (official), French, others
"¢ Major religion: Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 51 years (men), 54 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 ouguiya = 5 khoums
"¢ Main exports: Fish and fish products, iron ore, gold
"¢ GNI per capita: US $430 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .mr
"¢ International dialling code: +222

33. Mauritius

FACTS


Population: 1.2 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Port Louis
"¢ Area: 2,040 sq km (788 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: English (official), French, Creole, Indian languages
"¢ Major religions: Hinduism, Christianity, Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 68 years (men), 76 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Mauritian rupee=100 cents
"¢ Main exports: Sugar, clothing, tea, jewellery
"¢ GNI per capita: US $4,090 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .mu
"¢ International dialling code: +230

34. Morocco

FACTS


Population: 31.6 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Rabat
"¢ Area: 710,850 sq km (274,461 sq miles) (including W Sahara)
"¢ Major languages: Arabic (official), Berber, French, Spanish
"¢ Major religion: Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 67 years (men), 70 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: Dirham = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Minerals, seafood products, citrus fruit
"¢ GNI per capita: US $1,320 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .ma
"¢ International dialling code: +212

35. Mozambique

FACTS


"¢ Population: 19.5 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Maputo
"¢ Area: 812,379 sq km (313,661 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Portuguese (official), Makua-Lomwe, Tsonga, Shona, Swahili
"¢ Major religions: Indiginous beliefs, Islam, Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 37 years (men), 40 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 metical (plural meticais) = 100 centavos
"¢ Main exports: Seafood, cotton
"¢ GNI per capita: US $210 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .mz
"¢ International dialling code: +258

36. Namibia

FACTS


"¢ Population: 2 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Windhoek
"¢ Area: 824,292 sq km (318,261 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: English (official), Afrikaans, German, Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
"¢ Major religion: Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 43 years (men), 46 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Namibian dollar = 100 cents
"¢ Main exports: Diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium, livestock
"¢ GNI per capita: US $1,870 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .na
"¢ International dialling code: +264

37. Niger

FACTS

Population: 12.9 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Niamey
"¢ Area: 1.27 million sq km (489,000 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French (official), Arabic, Hausa, Songhai
"¢ Major religions: Islam, indigenous beliefs
"¢ Life expectancy: 46 years (men), 46 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Uranium, livestock products
"¢ GNI per capita: US $200 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .ne
"¢ International dialling code: +227

38. Nigeria

FACTS


Population: 130.2 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Abuja
"¢ Area: 923,768 sq km (356,669 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: English (official), Yoruba, Ibo, Hausa
"¢ Major religions: Islam, Christianity, indigenous beliefs
"¢ Life expectancy: 51 years (men), 52 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Nigerian naira = 100 kobo
"¢ Main exports: Petroleum, petroleum products, cocoa, rubber
"¢ GNI per capita: US $320 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .ng
"¢ International dialling code: +234

39. Rwanda

FACTS


Population: 8.6 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Kigali
"¢ Area: 26,338 sq km (10,169 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Kinyarwanda (official), French (official), English (official), Swahili
"¢ Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs
"¢ Life expectancy: 39 years (men), 40 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Rwandan franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Coffee, tea, hides, tin ore
"¢ GNI per capita: US $220 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .rw
"¢ International dialling code: +250

40. Sao Tome and Principe

FACTS


Population: 169,000 (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Sao Tome
"¢ Area: 1,001 sq km (386 sq miles)
"¢ Major language: Portuguese
"¢ Major religion: Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 67 years (men), 73 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 dobra = 100 centimos
"¢ Main exports: Cocoa
"¢ GNI per capita: US $320 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .st
"¢ International dialling code: +239

41. Senegal

FACTS

Population: 10.6 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Dakar
"¢ Area: 196,722 sq km (75,955 sq miles)
"¢ Major language: French (official), Wolof
"¢ Major religion: Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 51 years (men), 55 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Fish, peanuts, petroleum products, phosphates, cotton
"¢ GNI per capita: US $550 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .sn
"¢ International dialling code: +221

42. Seychelles

FACTS

Population: 76,000 (UN, 2003)
"¢ Capital: Victoria
"¢ Area: 455 sq km (176 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: English, French, Creole
"¢ Major religion: Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: n/a Monetary unit: 1 Seychelles rupee = 100 cents
"¢ Main exports: Fish, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (re-exports)
"¢ GNI per capita: US $7,480 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .sc
"¢ International dialling code: +248


43. Sierra Leone

FACTS


Population: 5.3 million (UN, 2005)
Capital: Freetown
Area: 71,740 sq km (27,699 sq miles)
Major languages: English, Krio (Creole language derived from English) and a range of African languages
Major religions: Islam, indigenous beliefs, Christianity
Life expectancy: 33 years (men), 35 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Leone = 100 cents
Main exports: Diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee, fish
GNI per capita: US $150 (World Bank, 2003)
Internet domain: .sl
International dialling code: +232

44. Somalia

FACTS

Population: 10.7 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Mogadishu
"¢ Area: 637,657sq km (246,201 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Somali, Arabic, Italian, English
"¢ Major religion: Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 45 years (men), 48 years (women)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Somali shilling = 100 cents
"¢ Main exports: Livestock, bananas, hides, fish
"¢ GNI per capita: n/a
"¢ Internet domain: .so
"¢ International dialling code: +252

45. South Africa

FACTS


Population: 45.3 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Pretoria
"¢ Area: 1.22 million sq km (470,693 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: 11 official languages including English, Afrikaans, Sesotho, Setswana, Xhosa and Zulu
"¢ Major religion: Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
"¢ Life expectancy: 45 years (men), 51 years (women)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Rand = 100 cents
"¢ Main exports: Gold, diamonds, metals and minerals, cars, machinery
"¢ GNI per capita: US $2,780 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .za
"¢ International dialling code: +27


46. Sudan

FACTS


Population: 35 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Khartoum
"¢ Area: 2.5 million sq km (966,757 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Arabic; Nubian, others
"¢ Major religions: Islam, Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 54 years (men), 57 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 dinar = 10 Sudanese pounds
"¢ Main exports: Oil, cotton, sesame, livestock and hides, gum arabic
"¢ GNI per capita: US $460 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .sd
"¢ International dialling code: +249

47. Swaziland

FACTS


Population: 1.1 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Mbabane
"¢ Area: 17,364 sq km (6,704 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: Swazi, English (both official)
"¢ Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs
"¢ Life expectancy: 33 years (men), 35 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Lilangeni = 100 cents
"¢ Main exports: Sugar, wood pulp, minerals
"¢ GNI per capita: US $1,350 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .sz
"¢ International dialling code: +268


48. Tanzania

FACTS


Population: 38.4 million (UN, 2005)
Capital: Dodoma
Area: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)
Major languages: English, Swahili
Major religions: Christianity, Islam
Life expectancy: 42 years (men), 44 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Tanzanian shilling = 100 cents
Main exports: Sisal, cloves, coffee, cotton, cashew nuts, minerals, tobacco
GNI per capita: US $290 (World Bank, 2003)
Internet domain: .tz
International dialling code: +255

49. Togo

FACTS


Population: 5.1 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Lome
"¢ Area: 56,785 sq km (21,925 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: French (official), local languages
"¢ Major religions: Indigenous beliefs, Christianity, Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 48 years (men), 51 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
"¢ Main exports: Cocoa, phosphates, coffee, cotton
"¢ GNI per capita: US $310 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .tg
"¢ International dialling code: +228

50. Tunisia

FACTS


Population: 10 million (UN, 2005)
Capital: Tunis
Area: 164,150 sq km (63,378 sq miles)
Major languages: Arabic (official); French
Major religion: Islam
Life expectancy: 71 years (men), 75 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Tunisian dinar (TD) = 1,000 millimes
Main exports: Agricultural products, textiles, oil
GNI per capita: US $2,240 (World Bank, 2003)
Internet domain: .tn
International dialling code: +216

51. Uganda

FACTS


Population: 27.6 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Kampala
"¢ Area: 241,038 sq km (93,072 sq miles)
"¢ Major languages: English (official), Swahili, Ganda, various Bantu languages
"¢ Major religions: Christianity, Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 45 years (men), 47 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Ugandan shilling = 100 cents
"¢ Main exports: Coffee, fish and fish products, tea; tobacco, cotton, corn, beans, sesame
"¢ GNI per capita: US $240 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .ug
"¢ International dialling code: +256


52. Zambia

FACTS

"¢ Population: 11 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Lusaka
"¢ Area: 752,614 sq km (290,586 sq miles)
"¢ Major language: English (official), Bemba, Lozi, Nyanja, Tonga
"¢ Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs, Hinduism, Islam
"¢ Life expectancy: 33 years (men), 32 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Kwacha = 100 ngwee
"¢ Main exports: Copper, minerals, tobacco
"¢ GNI per capita: US $380 (World Bank, 2003)
"¢ Internet domain: .zm
"¢ International dialling code: +260



53. Zimbabwe

FACTS


"¢ Population: 12.9 million (UN, 2005)
"¢ Capital: Harare
"¢ Area: 390,759 sq km (150,873 sq miles)
"¢ Major language: English (official), Shona, Sindebele
"¢ Major religions: Christianity
"¢ Life expectancy: 34 years (men), 33 years (women) (UN)
"¢ Monetary unit: 1 Zimbabwe dollar = 100 cents
"¢ Main exports: Tobacco, cotton, agricultural products, gold, minerals
"¢ GNI per capita: US $480 (World Bank, 2001)
"¢ Internet domain: .zw
"¢ International dialling code: +263
_____________________________
Original Post

Replies sorted oldest to newest

British colonial records show that in the early 1950s, Ghana and Malaysia were on an economic par - equally poor and equally dependent on the export of raw materials.

Today, Ghanaians get by on an average of about $300 per year, while Malaysians earn over $3,000. Ghana is still exporting raw products like cocoa and gold, Malaysia makes its own cars and boasts skyscrapers that rival anything in New York or London.
quote:
Originally posted by henry38:
British colonial records show that in the early 1950s, Ghana and Malaysia were on an economic par - equally poor and equally dependent on the export of raw materials.

Today, Ghanaians get by on an average of about $300 per year, while Malaysians earn over $3,000. Ghana is still exporting raw products like cocoa and gold, Malaysia makes its own cars and boasts skyscrapers that rival anything in New York or London.


Both came out from European colonialism.

What do you see being the difference?


PEACE

Jim Chester
quote:
Check Cesaria Evora - she is from Cape Verde and sings in Kriol...


Thanks for the recommendation! I downloaded a couple of her songs (Pomba and Tchintchirote). I'm not a big fan of the salsa (or samba?) sound, but I love this woman already, especially after reading her online bio. I'm gonna track down her slower tunes.

quote:
The Barefoot Diva, so nicknamed because she performs her shows sans shoes...

(snip)

While in her teens and early twenties, Evora had a career in Cape Verdean clubs and on radio shows. However, she went on hiatus from singing professionally to raise a family. She didn't return to the stage until 1985.


Love it!

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