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Reply to "Why Is So Much of Africa Poor and Underdeveloped?"

I understand that not ALL of the African continent is destitute, yet a significant portion is. While there are Black Africans who live comfortable, healthy lives, infectious disease, conflict, poverty, or/and malnutrition is the reality for most of the continent's inhabitants. WHY??? I don't want to make the mistake of speaking about a whole continent as if it were just one country. Many countries in Africa have rich, arable land that isn't being used for widescale farming. There is a wealth of natural resources and minerals that isn't being taken advantage of. I honestly don't understand why. The most common answer I get to this question is colonialism, but no one ever answers exactly how colonialism created this problem (especially when much of the land and resources in some countries were not being postively exploited before or during arrival of Europeans). Even if colonialism was the ONLY answer (I do think it may be part), how would it explain why Singapore was able to shake off the shackles of European, Japanese, and Chinese oppression to become an industrialized nation reacing first world status. Why can't some African nations do the same?
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I believe this is a legitimate question. Whevever this question is posed, there appears to be a suggestive 'condescension' inherent in the questioner. Maybe, but not from me. As a person who is the descendent of enslaved African Americans in these United States, that is a course of questioning that is always, and I do mean always in my mind. I support what one poster stated that the concept of western norms of development are not necessarily 'development', but again the question begs asking, why is there still such pervasive suffering throughout the continent, ie. lack of running water, electricity, housing, food etc. People still essenially living as if 1000 years had not passed. Of course there is poverty in western nations, but not to the degree, nor depth, nor the amount of misery and wretchedness in the west, as can be seen on the continent of 'The Motherland'. wth! Brings to mind Franz Fannons treatise, 'The Wretched of the Earth. An appropriate title. How awful. The reasons of colonialism, and the might and power of the evil white man and so on ad nauseaum is stale. Unless someone knowledgable on the economic and infrastructural development of nations on the African continent can in a simplistic, yet astute manner explain how their is, in fact a colonial 'chokehold' on Africa, I will be resolved to believe that it is the inability and unwillingness of the African people to 'pull' themselves up and out of the mire of social, financial and political degradation that is the overall view that the world has of this land.
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