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Why Is So Much of Africa Poor and Underdeveloped?

Before you start flaming and throwing insults and accusations of "sell out", please read my entire post.

I understand that not ALL of the African continent is destitute, yet a significant portion is. While there are Black Africans who live comfortable, healthy lives, infectious disease, conflict, poverty, or/and malnutrition is the reality for most of the continent's inhabitants. WHY??? I don't want to make the mistake of speaking about a whole continent as if it were just one country. Many countries in Africa have rich, arable land that isn't being used for widescale farming. There is a wealth of natural resources and minerals that isn't being taken advantage of. I honestly don't understand why. The most common answer I get to this question is colonialism, but no one ever answered exactly how colonialism created this problem (especially when much of the land and resources in some countries were not being postively exploited before or during arrival of Europeans). Even if colonialism was the ONLY answer (I do think it may be part), how would it explain why Singapore was able to shake off the shackles of European, Japanese, and Chinese oppression to become an industrialized nation reacing first world status. Why can't some African nations do the same?
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