Inasmuch as I personally detest violence, I cannot help but to include into my analysis the question of how much value should be placed on the fact that violence preceded Japanese reparations and Native American annuities. The Japanese are responsible for untold numbers of deaths resulting from the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the subsequent war in the Pacific! The same can be said of the decades long Native American or Indian wars in America. White settlers and soldiers died by the hundreds and perhaps thousands before the issue of Indian land was finally resolved. In each case, horrendous violence and death preceded the pecuniary resolution.
Melesi, I stated "America's past and present notifies and signifies the high value Americans at-large place on their ability to bring violence and death upon anybody anywhere at anytime." Indian wars, African slavery and world war lend evidence that supports the question of violence as a historical American value! America's unparallel possession of nuclear bombs is confirmation of the high value America places on its ability to bring violence anytime and anywhere in the world. America's history also shows that ultimately violence is what Americans respect. You mentioned Dr. King non-violent methods suggesting that non-violence is still a useful tool. While in large part I agree with you, it should not be ignored that King's non-violent movement was as violent as it was non-violent. If you review and scrutinize the movement you will see fair amounts of violence committed against the SCLC throughout its existence.
Finally, slavery is a vile, brutal and violent interaction or relationship between a dominant group or individual and subordinates. Like the Japanese and Native Americans for whom the mathematical equation reveals violence at one end and monetary payment at the other. For black folk, as long as violence is missing from the equation, it is highly unlikely that the descendants of American slaves will ever see reparations of any kind, not even an apology!