Who Is Responsible for Gentrification In HBCU Neighborhoods?

Who Is Responsible for Gentrification In HBCU Neighborhoods?

Gentrification. A term coined during the 1960s, it’s a concept that’s become hotly contested in recent years, described by Webster’s dictionary as “the process of renewal and rebuilding accompanying the influx of middle-class or affluent people into deteriorating areas that often displaces poorer residents.”

The phenomenon has become a recurring theme across the country as urban areas once deemed unsuitable for affluent home buyers have become ground zero for new development.

Many students attend Texas Southern University, a ninety-year old institution in Houston’s historic Third Ward area, in search of an authentic Black college experience. But in recent years there’s been a change in the area surrounding the school, which has witnessed a decrease in its Black population. The percentage of African-American residents in the Greater Third Ward area dropped from 79 percent to 65 percent from 2000 to 2012 alone as the pace of change accelerated.

One of Houston’s six original wards, Third Ward was once described described by distinguished Clark Atlanta sociologist and former Texas Southern University dean Robert D. Bullard as “the city’s most diverse black neighborhood and a microcosm of the larger black Houston community.”

For years Third Ward served as a bustling hub of Black ownership in Houston, the Black-owned Unity National Bank and streets like Dowling, which once boasted over 150 stores during the 1950s. Roots run deep, with residents fiercely devoted to places like Emancipation Park, a community fixture founded by former slaves: Jack Yates, Richard Book, Richard Allen and Elias Dibble.

Due to limited resources, initially the park was only open to the public once a year for Juneteenth, a celebration of the effective end of slavery in Texas on June 19, 1865, more than two years after President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation executive order declared their freedom. Since then it’s become an integral part of Third Ward’s history, serving as the only public swimming pool available to Black residents until integration during the 1950s.

 

The decline came gradually, afterhousing integration and upward mobility afforded wealthier Blacks the opportunity to move to newer subdivisions, leaving a number of dilapidated homes and shuttered businesses in their wake. Also at play was the construction of Highway 288,forcing a number of residents to give up their homes as construction expanded. As job opportunities began to dwindle, others began migrating from the area, creating a growing void in the neighborhood. 

During an interview with the Houston Defender earlier this year, Gerald Womack, President and CEO of Womack Development & Investment Realtors explained, “Having ownership is important, and we have a lot of Black ownership in Third Ward. Unfortunately, many of these owners are grandchildren of the original owners, and live in other neighborhoods or out of state. Many see their properties as a burden or a drain on their finances rather than a plus. Many are selling these properties as the value goes up.”

The Defender also noted, “The vast majority of Third Ward’s Black businesseslease space, leaving them at the mercy of building owners who can increase the rent and price them out at a moment’s notice. Those that remain may find themselves dealing with a drastically different customer base.”

Meanwhile, vacancies have helped change the landscape of Third Ward, with homeowners increasingly pressed to sell their land to developers eager to insert luxury condos and townhouses into the area. Some 75 percent of residents are renters, but thanks to rates that rose nearly 5 percent from 2014 to 2015, many have found new properties out of their financial range.

For Texas Southern it’s meant a reduction of the very demographic that surrounds its campus. Once the only higher education option for African-American Houstonians, because of segregation the university has often been left to it’s own devices by Texas lawmakers, in favor of the larger — and more heavily endowed — University of Houston. Separated by only a few blocks, at times the two have competed for both land and resources, with TSU often on the losing end.

In a statement to the Houston Chronicle, John Nixon, a University of Houston law professor wrote, “What is happening in the Third Ward is a product of increased demand for inner city housing, developers who are willing to assemble land and build speculative houses to be offered to higher-income people willing to be pioneers in an area they previously shunned.”

 

For developers — all is fair in love and real estate — location factors heavily into the rush of new residents looking to get in on the ground floor of Third Ward’s revitalization efforts. Alyssa Gardner, a property sales representative, described the tactic to the Houston Chronicle as “We tell buyers that if you see something you like, snatch it up while you can. There are advantages to being on the edge of downtown.”

With the University of Houston actively buying up its own land in the area, officials like Texas Representative Garnet Coleman have started their own initiatives, teaming with local developers in an effort to buy land for affordable housing.

Residents are wary, with many able to recall the decline of the neighboring Fourth Ward. An early example of gentrification, for years residents fought to preserve the area once known as Freedman’s Town, founded by newly freed slaves. Settling along the flood-prone Buffalo Bayou, early residents worked hard to build their own community, paving their own bricks along hand-erected shanties.

Eager to protect the integrity of the community, for years residents fought to protect it, including a famous protest to retain Allen Parkway Village. Initially a whites-only property, thanks to integration it was later converted into a 963-unit public housing community.

Following a decision by the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, the city of Houston demolished 677 units, under the provision that the site be used to provide low-income housing. The property was later added to the National Register of Historic Places, saving it from demolition, but other areas didn’t fare as well. In 1984, over 530 historic buildings had been registered: twenty years later, less than 30 remained.

After a series of losses at the hands of developers, Fourth Ward, which once boasted historic landmarks like West End Park — Houston’s first baseball venue for Negro leagues games — would see a sudden increase in mid-rise complexes and luxury properties in the late 1990s.

 

It’s a cautionary tale that former Houston Mayor Annise Parker described as “That was the downfall of Freedmen’s Town. That’s when most of the historic elements were moved or torn down so developers could put up townhouses.”

Even the 100-year-old bricks laid in Freedman’s Town came under fire, with some destroyed entirely, mistakenly dug up by city workers during drainage repairs last year. Yet another blow to a community still reeling from it’s erasure. 

While some homeowners were able to take advantage of rising property values and escape the concurrent rising tax bills, others were not, including those living in areas hit hard by the crack epidemic. Left a shell of its former self, eventually Fourth Ward was assimilated into the newly minted Midtown.

 

Fearing the erasure of their own community, members of Third Ward have come together in an effort to educate and assist residents, including organizations like the Sankofa Research Institute and Project Row Houses, who have worked to preserve the community and increase ownership throughout the Greater Third Ward area.

Depending upon whom you ask, Third Ward’s transformation has been long in the making, with some eager to revamp the shotgun-style houses that dot the area. As Third Ward has changed, neighborhoods previously shunned by white students and young couples have become a haven for those that wouldn’t even go near the area five years ago.

TSU graduate Linda Williams expressed her views on the area she once called home by saying, “With urban planning and development, much of the historical context of Houston’s Third Ward area has been taken over the past five years. It’s become a culture shock for many residents in the area and has caused financial frustration to those who are struggling to keep businesses open and afloat.”

 

While some businesses, including the longstanding Wolf’s Department Store, have managed to keep it together, others haven’t been as lucky, with spots like Dowling Theater long gone.

According to Roderick “Bass” Tillman, Program Director of Third Ward after-school program Workshop Houston, a number of school closures have also accelerated the issue. Following the closure of Ryan Middle School, students were forced to relocate to Cullen Middle, a nearby school in Houston’s southeast area.

“I’ve been here since 2011,” Tillman explained. “Since then, the middle school that most of our students come from has been closed. In Third Ward itself, you see less kids around, less population because most of it is under construction. I think kids are searching for answers. At first it was a no-brainer that they’d go to schools in their neighborhoods. Now they face tough decisions on where they can go, because those schools just don’t exist anymore,” he said.

But after years of declining properties and vacant lots, others are eager for fresh changes and revitalization to the area, including a recent $33 million redesign of the 11.7-acre Emancipation Park.

Citing the recent progress made in the area, former Third Ward resident Elliot Guidry shared his own thoughts about the situation, “Don’t we want better for ourselves?” Guidry said. “Is it a bad thing to want to see the neighborhood you were born and raised in get uplifted? For that matter, TSU has gotten a major facelift. I love seeing the evolution of my neighborhood.”

But for others, it’s not so simple, including Third Ward resident Hope Carter. Carter said, “I’m a fan of the revitalization of my neighborhood, but not to appease people who are coming in.

“They’re taking over in the name of progress, but at the same time making everything else too expensive for the people who already live there,” Carter added. “Older people are having their property values lowered because they can no longer see the skyline. I’m not mad at revitalization as long as the improvements are for people who live there. A lot of times it feels as if all of these improvements were intended for someone else.”

Houston is not alone. Exploring the effects of gentrification on neighborhoods surrounding black universities, NPR recently highlighted the erosion of the Black working class near Washington, D.C.’s famed Howard University.

Similar to Texas Southern — Howard’s improvements to impoverished areas in the neighborhood also a drew an influx of new faces  — causing rents and property values to rise as new construction brought wealthier residents in. For new students it’s meant a very different experience, as predominately black neighborhoods around a number of HBCUs continue to decrease.

It’s a reality that Darren Jones, president of the civic association in D.C.’s Pleasant Plains neighborhood, fears will become the new norm. The cost of living in an area now deemed a hot spot.

Addressing the difficulties facing property owners, he explained how his son has been affected. “His assessment is going to go from $400,000 to, well, maybe not $700,000, but something much higher,” Jones told NPR. “But the city is going to say your house is worth what the house is worth next door, which is not true because we can’t sell it for $700,000.”

Jones admitted that he is fearful for the future of his community, saying, “I’m afraid for my son because he grew up in this neighborhood and he would like to stay.”

Some cities are taking their own steps to address the effects of gentrification, including Houston, which rolled out a new program in April designed to revitalize a number of Houston areas, including Third Ward.

Unveiled by Houston Mayor Sylvester Turner, Jones proclaimed, “This is going to be a signature of my administration because it is so important to the families who live in these neighborhoods.

“We must not be a city of haves and have-nots. Every Houstonian has a right to make the choice I have made and live in the neighborhood where he or she grew up. With a more focused approach that involves the communities as well as partners in the public, private and nonprofit sectors, we can transform these neighborhoods. We are going to do this while striving to preserve affordability for existing residents, and we will not leave until we know what we have done will have a high likelihood of success.”

While the resilience of Third Ward is undiminished, the ability to preserve itself is not. Ultimately, the community will need more than legislation to address the issue, including a multi-pronged approach that tackles comprehensive revitalization without compromising affordable housing or the rich history of it’s residents.

During an interview with Rice University’s Kinder Institute, Project Row House Executive Director Eureka Gilkey shared the work that lies ahead: “We can’t halt gentrification; it’s already happening — but we have an opportunity to change the way this process works.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"I'm just trying to make a way out of no way, for my people" -Modejeska Monteith Simpkins

 

AFRICAN AMERICA IS AT WAR

THERE IS A RACE WAR ON AFRICAN AMERICA

THERE IS A RACE WAR ON AFRICAN AMERICANS

THERE IS A RACE WAR ON BLACK PEOPLE IN AMERICA

AMERICA'S RACISTS HAVE INFILTRATED AMERICAN POLICE FORCES TO WAGE A RACE WAR AGAINST BLACK PEOPLE IN AMERICA

THE BLACK RACE IS AT WAR

FIRST WORLD WAR:  THE APPROXIMATELY 6,000 YEAR WORLD WAR ON AFRICA AND THE BLACK RACE

Original Post

BLACK PEOPLE ARE BEING PUSHED OUT OF NEARLY EVERY CITY IN AMERICA BY SO-CALLED "GENTRIFICATION", WHICH FORCES BLACK PEOPLE OUT BY OVERPRICING NEW REAL ESTATE, AND BY THE CITY/COUNTY/ETC., ILLEGALLY SEIZING THEIR PROPERTY IN THE FIRST PLACE.:

 

 

Black People Are Being Pushed Out of Atlanta!

 

 

 
 
 

You can't argue with these bastards because they'll incinerate you rather than talk to you. White people are stone, cold killers, big time. They're worse now, than when they were baking Jews. Hiroshima and Nagasaki experienced Atomic; what the world's facing now is NUCLEAR. There's no comparison. No one will be breathing with that shit. Not to mention the bullets they're pumping in our kids 24/7/365. When they're not pumping, their trigger finger's itching like a mother!!!!!

  You know I was in the store today in line.  A young former gang banger...which I know call "child soldier" cuz it's more an appropriate description.....was talking about God as his pants hung from his butt while holding a black bag with a drink in it.  Of course I didn't say anything cuz I don't waste my time anymore....but when he left I told the remaining ladies that he should be talking to his homies and those in prison/jail for murdering their OWN people.  The people he spoke to are not criminals and not a threat to their community.  It is easy for him to talk to those who are not a product/danger of their environment....  One of the ladies wanted to argue saying that maybe someone heard and it changed he/her life.  I said to her....behavior has MORE power than a voice.  Anybody can say ANYTHING but it's what you DO....how you "model" behavior to others than can give them guidance.  Cuz R Kelly has a "voice" but look at his behavior.  The president has a "voice" but look at his behavior.  As why talk is CHEAP.   And I stand by that.  I tired of bible thumping criminals talking all that shit AFTER they terrorized their community for YEARS.  His ass is just trying to get to heaven....and he didn't get the memo.....which states:  you'll never get to heaven as a gangster....you killed/bullied /humiliated.  And for that?   You're sure to hang higher....than most.  Cuz it's too late.  His carrying his drink?  Was the sign he was just yakking at the mouth.  No she wasn't pleased at what I said....but!  She understood.  Cuz being sorry?  Won't bring ALL those innocents killed by child soldiers contracted by the [white] "man."   So I told her he's a coward cuz there's a war against black people.....and where oh where are all these tough fearless gang bangers now?  What this young man  doing to protect the women and children in his community?  Not a thang but running his mouth.  So this has nothing to do with the topic per se but when Sista Norland said when they i.e. the white po po "are not pumping in our kids 24/7"....well that reminded me of the gangs who help massa 24/7 to kill black people for decades.  Pitiful.   But!

You know, these so-called "gang bangers" and these so-called "leaders" are in the identical frame of mind; the dress code is different is all. They're all killers; no more, no less. Trump's going to start a war; he'll be in his mansions and our following military/killatary kids will be the murderers. Gang bangers will be on the corners and our following kids will be following their murderous orders. Skin color's different, style of dress is different, fucking deeds are the SAME and DEAD is DEAD.

You can put the blame on the Democratic Party, they got our votes but name one gaddam thing they have done in civil rights, voting rights, criminal justice, red lining, job and voting discrimination in the last 30 years? If Blacks do not have decent jobs then how in the hell can blacks keep up with inflation?

Blacks lost half of its wealth during the Obama years, he knew that Blacks are left out of the economy but he never gave a gaddam about Blacks and neither will Kamala Harris. 

Fuck Barack Obama, Fuck Kamala Harris!

 

 

Norland posted:

I like Barack Obama; will always like Barack Obama. There's just so much ANYONE can do for BLACK people in America. After the cotton was picked, we've been pretty much FUCKED.

He gave 12 trillion to white people, gave reparations to Jews and spoke down to Blacks graduates at morehouse and told them "there are no more excuses for Black men and Black people"

Tell me what the fuck he know about being Black? He was raised by white people and never had a gaddam thing to do with Blacks until he went to college and he ONLY DATED WHITE WOMEN until he wanted to pursue politics. 

I like him too until he opens his gaddam mouth about the Black community and his gaddam neoliberal views which means he is a free trade, free market, trickle down, RONALD REAGAN COCK SUKKER!

 

Momentum posted:
Norland posted:

I like Barack Obama; will always like Barack Obama. There's just so much ANYONE can do for BLACK people in America. After the cotton was picked, we've been pretty much FUCKED.

He gave 12 trillion to white people, gave reparations to Jews and spoke down to Blacks graduates at morehouse and told them "there are no more excuses for Black men and Black people"

Tell me what the fuck he know about being Black? He was raised by white people and never had a gaddam thing to do with Blacks until he went to college and he ONLY DATED WHITE WOMEN until he wanted to pursue politics. 

I like him too until he opens his gaddam mouth about the Black community and his gaddam neoliberal views which means he is a free trade, free market, trickle down, RONALD REAGAN COCK SUKKER!

 

 

http://www.urbandictionary.com/

 

a candidate running for office who publicly supports one group to win election, but uses his executive or legislative powers to assist an opposing group; it should not be confused with a sleeper agent who has been brainwashed into working for a political party
sunnubian posted:
Momentum posted:
Norland posted:

I like Barack Obama; will always like Barack Obama. There's just so much ANYONE can do for BLACK people in America. After the cotton was picked, we've been pretty much FUCKED.

He gave 12 trillion to white people, gave reparations to Jews and spoke down to Blacks graduates at morehouse and told them "there are no more excuses for Black men and Black people"

Tell me what the fuck he know about being Black? He was raised by white people and never had a gaddam thing to do with Blacks until he went to college and he ONLY DATED WHITE WOMEN until he wanted to pursue politics. 

I like him too until he opens his gaddam mouth about the Black community and his gaddam neoliberal views which means he is a free trade, free market, trickle down, RONALD REAGAN COCK SUKKER!

 

 

http://www.urbandictionary.com/

 

a candidate running for office who publicly supports one group to win election, but uses his executive or legislative powers to assist an opposing group; it should not be confused with a sleeper agent who has been brainwashed into working for a political party

That is exactly what he is Manchurian candidate.... He gave a special presentation through Oprah Winfrey billionaire and Wall Street contacts how indeed he could win the presidency with the Black vote but use his presidency for Wall Street and Corporations.... what a gaddam traitor he turned out to be. 

And after 8 years of his sorry ass look at the state of the Black community, again HALF OF BLACK WEALTH IS GONE and he set the precedent of not giving a damn about Black issues. If Barack did not give a fuck about Blacks why should I? 

And why is gentrification in Black neighborhoods are on fire during Obama's presidency, because that 12 trillion he gave to white people is being used to buy black neighborhoods. That 12 trillion trickled down to white families and white young people who inherent Wall Street portfolios from their parents and grand parents. 

My people are from the Austin area, Black neighborhoods are getting smaller and smaller because the city of Austin raised property taxes so high Blacks are selling their homes and moving way out in the suburbs. There are Black churches in white neighborhoods that use to be black in Austin Texas. Austin is becoming an almost completely white city. Much of this happened under OBAMA! 

Momentum posted:

You can put the blame on the Democratic Party, they got our votes but name one gaddam thing they have done in civil rights, voting rights, criminal justice, red lining, job and voting discrimination in the last 30 years? If Blacks do not have decent jobs then how in the hell can blacks keep up with inflation?

Blacks lost half of its wealth during the Obama years, he knew that Blacks are left out of the economy but he never gave a gaddam about Blacks and neither will Kamala Harris. 

Fuck Barack Obama, Fuck Kamala Harris!

 

 

 

These are not your father's Democrats.

The majority of Democrats are no more that republicans in democrat clothing and should be viewed by progressives as sellouts, saborteurs, and republican puppets.

It is no coincidence that "he Democratic Party, they got our votes" . . . and haven't did a damn thing to help in the areas of  "civil rights, voting rights, criminal justice, red lining, job and voting discrimination in the last 30 years".

Democrats have sold us out, so it is time that progressives start their own party or move on over to the Green Party so progressives can vote these weak, traitor, democrat saborteurs out of office, and replace them with real progressives that cannot be BOUGHT and won't sellout progressives, the United States Government, and the United States Constitution.

*********

 

“Oh, I say and I say it again. You’ve been had! Ya been took! Ya been hoodwinked! Bamboozled! Led astray! Run amok! This is what he does!”

Malcolm X (1992)

This Black church was built by Blacks in 1945, it's in a white neighborhood now. I have people that live 2 miles east of this church. And this is just one example, some Black churches have actually moved out of the city of Austin. Where we used to buy bbq and links are gone now and they did great business but guess what the owners sold their property for the money, at some point you take the money. My sister paid 30 grand for a brand new brick home back when I was a kid, it's worth nearly 400 grand and it is nothing fancy but white people have so much fukkin money houses in gentrified black neighborhood are selling 300 grand plus, not many blacks have that kind of money. 

Greater St John's Baptist Church

Image result for Greater Saint John Baptist Church austin tx

1181 Greenwood Ave, Austin, TX 78721

HOLD TIGHT!!!!! 'Trumpf's in office! Just wait and see what HE does for your black behind. I'm SURE he'll surpass President Barack and make you MUCHO happy!!!!!!!! Meanwhile, all the black people can go to St. John's Baptist Church and pray to WHITE JESUS. Surely he'll help!!!!!!!!!! I'll still like President Barack Obama and probably will NEVER vote ever again, don't give three fucks who runs for office nor what they call themselves, old ugly fuckers. I like Richard Painter. I'd vote for him if he ran for president.  I'm just glad when I wake up in the mornings with absolutely no fanfare. NOTHING's better than the kisses I get from my humongous family. I'm through with everything else. I'm at the age now, where I'm damn near through with LIFE!!!!!!! Screw these peeps!!!!!!

sunnubian posted:
Momentum posted:

You can put the blame on the Democratic Party, they got our votes but name one gaddam thing they have done in civil rights, voting rights, criminal justice, red lining, job and voting discrimination in the last 30 years? If Blacks do not have decent jobs then how in the hell can blacks keep up with inflation?

Blacks lost half of its wealth during the Obama years, he knew that Blacks are left out of the economy but he never gave a gaddam about Blacks and neither will Kamala Harris. 

Fuck Barack Obama, Fuck Kamala Harris!

 

 

 

These are not your father's Democrats.

The majority of Democrats are no more that republicans in democrat clothing and should be viewed by progressives as sellouts, saborteurs, and republican puppets.

It is no coincidence that "he Democratic Party, they got our votes" . . . and haven't did a damn thing to help in the areas of  "civil rights, voting rights, criminal justice, red lining, job and voting discrimination in the last 30 years".

Democrats have sold us out, so it is time that progressives start their own party or move on over to the Green Party so progressives can vote these weak, traitor, democrat saborteurs out of office, and replace them with real progressives that cannot be BOUGHT and won't sellout progressives, the United States Government, and the United States Constitution.

*********

 

“Oh, I say and I say it again. You’ve been had! Ya been took! Ya been hoodwinked! Bamboozled! Led astray! Run amok! This is what he does!”

Malcolm X (1992)

Democratic Party will eventually merge with the Republican Party when a new Progressive party is formed. Both parties serve the same billionaire and corporate interests. What is a liberal these days? Hell I use to think of myself as a liberal but I'm I see myself as a solid progressive. 

The Democratic Party is a right wing party that exclusively serve the aspirations of the corporate oligarchy. The Democratic party was hijacked by the corporate state to the point it lost it's purpose of serving the country and reassigned to serve oligarchy just like the Republican party.

The genie is out the bottle the Democratic Party was exposed as just another right wing, free trade, free market, voodoo economics party in 2016. Like I said before the Democratic and Republican parties will merge when progressives organize into a new grass roots party.

The people, ESPECIALLY BLACK PEOPLE have no political representation. I've been saying this for years but people feel like there is no where else to go. The country is yearning for a progressive party there is a lot of progressive energy ready to go to work for real change for the better.

Corporate Democrats are falling in approval ratings from coast to coast. 
Just being a little less shittier than Republicans will not get people out to vote for Democrats.

Bernie's approval ratings across demographics:
Women 58%
Men 55%
18-34 62%
African Americans 73%
Hispanics 68%
Asian Americans 62%
Whites 52%
DEMOCRATS 80%

===============

Hillary favorable ratings was like 36%, less than Trump's. All that gaddam lying finally caught up with her corrupt, racist ass. She may run again in 2020.....

Obama used up that okie doke people are not falling for that BS anymore. I did the first run but I voted for him for different reasons the 2nd run.

Identity politics are over on the left, it's about policies, no more BS platitudes and identity that masses of people need validated. Thank goodness that shit is over on the left. Kamala is going to be in for a big surprise, being a woman and half Black won't mean shit, she better be a damn good liar like Trump and Obama but lying will not work anymore, you better have a progressive record and promote a full throat progressive platform. Speak platitudes, like Obama and you will LOSE, that okie doke is dead. 

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